ANTHRAX

ANTHRAX
Graece Α῎νθραξ, nomen ardentium gemmarum quarum principatum obtinet, qui Anthrax proprie dictus est. Strabo l. 15. de India, Φέρει δὲ καὶ λιθίαν ἡ χῶρα πολυτελῆ κρυςτάλλων, καὶ ἀνθράκων παντοίων, ἔτι δὲ καὶ μαργαριτῶν: ubi nomine κρυςτάλλων, gemmas; crystallinâ facie et candicantes, uti nomine ἀνθράκων, ardentes, significari, ait Salmas. ad Solin. p. 1093. Habet autem Anthrax εἶδος ὀξυφοινικοῦν, speciem clare purpurantem, Epiphan. Vide infra in voce Carbunculus et eundem p. 380. Hinc Anthracites apud Solin. c. 37. ubi eum dicit coruscare volut scinlillantibus stellis. Plin. l. 36. c. 20. Anthracitin vocat, In Anthracitide scintillae aliquando discurrere videntur. Alia tamen est Anthracitis, quam inter carbunculorum genera retulit, in Thesprotia fossilem et carbonibus similem; alius Anthracites lapis, et genere haematitarum. Forte Solinus in Plinio legit, in Anthracia scintillae discurrunt. Sed ille Anthracim gemmam dixit, non Anthraciam lapidem, τὸν ἀνθρακίαν, etc. Vide Eundem ibid. p. 770. et infra in voce Lychnites; namque et sic Anthracem Graeci, qui de Lapidibus scripsêre, exponunt, quia luceat, ut lucerna accensa vel ignis.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Anthrax — Основная информация …   Википедия

  • anthrax — [ ɑ̃traks ] n. m. • antrac 1495; mot lat. et gr. ♦ Amas de plusieurs furoncles, avec nécrose de la partie centrale. ⊗ HOM. Entraxe. ● anthrax nom masculin (grec anthraks, charbon, ulcère) Agglomérat de plusieurs furoncles formant de gros nodules… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Anthrax — (Άνθραξ), griechisch für Kohle, bezeichnet: Anthrax (Band), eine Thrash Metal Band Anthrazit eine hochwertige Kohlesorte Milzbrand, eine Infektionskrankheit Anthrax (Gattung), eine Gattung der Wollschweber Karbunkel Siehe auch:  Wiktionary:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • anthrax — (n.) late 14c., any severe boil or carbuncle, from Latin, from Gk. anthrax charcoal, live coal, also carbuncle, of unknown origin. Specific sense of the malignant disease in sheep and cattle (and occasionally humans) is from 1876 …   Etymology dictionary

  • anthrax — ► NOUN ▪ a serious bacterial disease of sheep and cattle, able to be transmitted to humans. ORIGIN Greek anthrax coal, carbuncle …   English terms dictionary

  • anthrax — [an′thraks΄] n. pl. anthraces [an′thrə sēz΄] [ME antrax < L anthrax, virulent ulcer < Gr (burning) coal, hence ulcer, carbuncle] 1. an infectious hemorrhagic disease of wild and domesticated animals, esp. cattle and sheep, which is caused… …   English World dictionary

  • Anthrax — An thrax, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? coal, carbuncle.] 1. (Med.) (a) A carbuncle. (b) A malignant pustule. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) A microscopic, bacterial organism ({Bacillus anthracis}), resembling transparent rods. [See Illust. under {Bacillus}.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Anthrax [1] — Anthrax (gr.), 1) Kohle, daher viele Zusammensetzungen mit Anthrak....; 2) älterer Name des Rubins; 3) (Med.), eine Geschwulst, bestehend aus einer unter der Haut befindlichen umschriebenen Entzündung des Zellgewebes u. fast immer in Brand… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anthrax [2] — Anthrax, so v.w. Trauerfliege, s. Schwebfliegen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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